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Nkhani zaposachedwa za chip

1. China iyenera kupanga gawo loyendetsa galimoto, akutero mkulu

Latest news about chip-2

Makampani aku China akulimbikitsidwa kuti apange tchipisi tamagalimoto ndikuchepetsa kudalira zogulitsa kunja popeza kusowa kwa semiconductor kumafika pamakampani opanga magalimoto padziko lonse lapansi.

Miao Wei, nduna yakale yamakampani ndi ukadaulo wazidziwitso, adati phunziro kuchokera pakuchepa kwa zida zapadziko lonse lapansi ndikuti China ikufuna makampani ake odziyimira pawokha komanso odziyendetsa okha.

Miao, yemwe tsopano ndi mkulu ku National People Consultative Conference, wanena izi ku China Auto Show yomwe idachitikira ku Shanghai kuyambira 17 mpaka 19 Juni.

Kuyesayesa kuyenera kuchitidwa pakufufuza kofunikira komanso maphunziro omwe akuyembekezeka kuti akonze njira yachitukuko cha gawoli, adatero.

"Tili munthawi yomwe mapulogalamu amatanthauzira magalimoto, ndipo magalimoto amafunikira ma CPU ndi machitidwe. Chifukwa chake tiyenera kukonzekera pasadakhale," atero a Miao.

Kuperewera kwa Chip kumachepetsa kupanga kwamagalimoto apadziko lonse lapansi. Mwezi watha, kugulitsa magalimoto ku China kudathira 3%, makamaka chifukwa opanga magalimoto adalephera kupeza tchipisi chokwanira.

Kuyamba kwamagalimoto amagetsi Nio adapereka magalimoto a 6,711 mu Meyi, okwera 95.3 peresenti kuyambira mwezi womwewo chaka chatha.

Wopanga magalimoto adati kutumizira kwake kukadakhala kwakukulu kukadapanda kusowa kwa chip ndikusintha kwamachitidwe.

Opanga Chipm ndi ogulitsa magalimoto akugwira kale ntchito usana ndi usiku kuti athetse vutoli, pomwe akuluakulu akuwongolera mgwirizano pakati pa makampani omwe ali mgululi kuti agwire bwino ntchito.

A Dong Xiaoping, wogwira ntchito ku Unduna wa Zamakampani ndi Ukachenjede watekinoloje, adati undunawu wapempha opanga magalimoto am'deralo ndi makampani a semiconductor kuti apange bulosha kuti igwirizane bwino ndi momwe amafunira komanso momwe amafunira ma tchipisi.

Undunawu umalimbikitsanso makampani a inshuwaransi kuti atulutse ntchito za inshuwaransi zomwe zitha kulimbikitsa kulimba mtima kwa opanga makina akugwiritsa ntchito tchipisi tomwe tapangidwa ndi nzika zakomweko, kuti zithandizire kuchepetsa kusowa kwa chip.

2. Zosokoneza unyolo waku US zidagula ogula

Latest news about chip-3

Poyambirira komanso pakati pa mliri wa COVID-19 ku US, kunali kusowa kwa mapepala achimbudzi omwe amapangitsa anthu kuchita mantha.

Ndikutulutsa katemera wa COVID-19, anthu tsopano akupeza kuti zakumwa zina zomwe amakonda ku Starbucks sizikupezeka pano.

Starbucks adayika zinthu 25 "posakhalitsa" koyambirira kwa Juni chifukwa chakusokonekera kwa maunyolo, malinga ndi Business Insider. Mndandandawu munali zinthu zotchuka monga mankhwala a hazelnut, manyuchi a tofe, matumba a tiyi, tiyi wobiriwira, sinamoni dolce latte ndi chokoleti choyera mocha.

"Kuperewera kwa madzi a pichesi ndi gwava ku Starbucks kumandikwiyitsa ine ndi atsikana anga apakhomo," Mani Lee adatumiza mawu.

"Kodi ndi ine ndekha amene ndili ndi vuto la @Starbucks yemwe akusowa caramel pakadali pano," a Madison Chaney adatumiza mawu.

Zovuta zakunyumba ku US chifukwa cha kutseka kwa ntchito panthawi ya mliriwu, kuchedwa kutumiza katundu, kuchepa kwa ogwira ntchito, kufunafuna ndalama zambiri komanso mwachangu kuposa momwe amayembekezera kuti chuma chikuyambiranso zikukhudza zakumwa zomwe anthu amakonda.

US Labor department idanenanso sabata yatha kuti kukwera kwamitengo kwapachaka mu Meyi 2021 kunali 5%, okwera kwambiri kuyambira pamavuto azachuma a 2008.

Mitengo ya nyumba yakwera pafupifupi 20% paliponse mdziko lonse chifukwa chakuchepa kwa matabwa, komwe kumayendetsa mitengo yamatabwa kukwera kanayi mpaka kasanu ka miliri isanachitike.

Kwa iwo omwe akupereka kapena kukonzanso nyumba zawo, kuchedwetsa kutumizidwa kwa mipando kumatha kutambasuka kwa miyezi ndi miyezi.

"Ndidayitanitsa tebulo lomaliza kuchokera ku malo odziwika bwino, ogulitsa mipando mu february. Ndidauzidwa kuti ndiyembekezere kubwera m'masabata a 14. Ndawunika posachedwa momwe ndingakhalire. Kasitomala amakapepesa ndikundiuza kuti tsopano ukhala Seputembala. Zinthu zabwino zibwera kwa iwo amene amadikira? " Eric West adalongosola nkhani yolembedwa ndi The Wall Street Journal.

"Chowonadi chenicheni ndichachikulu. Ndidayitanitsa mipando, sofa, ndi ma ottomans, ena mwa iwo amatenga miyezi 6 kuti aperekedwe chifukwa amapangidwa ku China, ogulidwa ku kampani yayikulu yaku America yotchedwa NFM. Chifukwa chake kuchepa uku ndikokulira komanso kuzama , "analemba wolemba Tim Tim Mason.

Ogula-zida akugwiritsanso ntchito nkhani yomweyo.

"Ndikuuzidwa kuti freezer ya $ 1,000 yomwe ndidalamula ipezeka miyezi itatu. O chabwino, kuwonongeka kwenikweni kwa mliriwu sikunakwaniritsidwebe," wolemba a Bill Poulos adalemba.

MarketWatch idatinso Costco Wholesale Corp yatchulapo zovuta zingapo zamagetsi makamaka chifukwa chakuchedwa kutumiza.

"Malinga ndi kayendedwe ka zinthu, kuchedwa kwa doko kukupitilizabe kukhudzidwa," atero a Richard Galanti, CFO wa Costco. "Ndikumva kuti izi zipitilira gawo lalikulu la chaka chino."

Akuluakulu a Biden adalengeza sabata yatha kuti akupanga gulu lothetsa mavuto omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga ma semiconductor, zomangamanga, zoyendera komanso zaulimi.

Lipoti la White House lamasamba 250 lotchedwa "Building Resilient Supply Chains, Revitalizing American Manufacturing, and Fostering Broad-Based Growth" likufuna kuwonjezera kupangika kwapakhomo, kuchepetsa kuchepa kwa katundu wofunikira ndikuchepetsa kudalira omwe akupikisana nawo pazandale.

Ripotilo lidagogomezera kufunikira kwakufunika kwa chitetezo mdziko lonse, kukhazikika kwachuma komanso utsogoleri wapadziko lonse lapansi. Ananenanso kuti mliri wa coronavirus udawulula zovuta zakupezeka ku America.

"Kupambana kwa kampeni yathu ya katemera kudadabwitsa anthu ambiri, motero sanakonzekere kuti apitenso patsogolo," a Sameera Fazili, wachiwiri kwa director of the White House National Economic Council, anatero pamsonkhano wa atolankhani ku White House sabata yatha. Akuyembekeza kuti inflation idzakhala kwakanthawi ndikukhazikika mu "miyezi ingapo yotsatira".

Dipatimenti ya Zaumoyo ndi Ntchito Zantchito iperekanso $ 60 miliyoni kuti ipange mgwirizano pakati pa anthu ndi anthu wamba pakupanga mankhwala ofunikira.

Dipatimenti Yantchito idzawononga $ 100 miliyoni pantchito zophunzitsidwa ndi boma. Dipatimenti ya zaulimi idzawononga ndalama zoposa $ 4 biliyoni kuti zilimbikitse magulitsidwe azakudya.

3. Kuperewera kwa Chip kumatsitsa kugulitsa magalimoto

Latest news about chip

Itha kufika 3% pachaka ndi magalimoto a 2.13m, kutsika koyamba kuyambira Epulo 2020

Kugulitsa magalimoto ku China kudagwa koyamba m'miyezi 14 mu Meyi pomwe opanga amatumiza magalimoto ochepa pamsika chifukwa chakuchepa kwa ma semiconductor apadziko lonse, malinga ndi zambiri zamakampani.

Mwezi watha, magalimoto a 2.13 miliyoni adagulitsidwa pamsika wamagalimoto waukulu kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi, kutsika ndi 3.1 peresenti pachaka, China Association of Automobile Manufacturers idatero. Uku kunali kutsika koyamba ku China kuyambira Epulo 2020, pomwe msika wamagalimoto mdzikolo udayamba kubwerera kuchokera ku mliri wa COVID-19.

CAAM idatinso ikadali ndi chiyembekezo chokwaniritsa magwiridwe antchito mdera lino m'miyezi yotsala.

Shi Jianhua, wachiwiri kwa mlembi wamkulu wa bungweli, adati kusowa kwa zida zapadziko lonse lapansi kwakhala kukuvulaza makampani kuyambira kumapeto kwa chaka chatha. "Zotsatira zakapangidwe zikupitilira, ndipo kuchuluka kwa ogulitsa mu Juni kudzakhudzidwanso," adatero.

Kuyamba kwamagalimoto amagetsi Nio adapereka magalimoto a 6,711 mu Meyi, okwera 95.3 peresenti kuyambira mwezi womwewo chaka chatha. Wopanga magalimoto adati kutumizira kwake kukadakhala kwakukulu kukadapanda kusowa kwa chip ndikusintha kwamachitidwe.

SAIC Volkswagen, m'modzi mwa opanga magalimoto otsogola mdziko muno, adula kale zina mwazomera zake, makamaka kupanga mitundu yakutsogolo yomwe imafuna tchipisi tambiri, malinga ndi Shanghai Securities Daily.

China Auto Dealers Association, bungwe lina lazamalonda, lati zida zikuchepa pang'onopang'ono kwa ogulitsa magalimoto ambiri ndipo mitundu ina ikusowa.

Jiemian, malo ofalitsa nkhani ku Shanghai, adati kupanga kwa SAIC GM mu Meyi kudatsika ndi 37.43% mpaka magalimoto 81,196 makamaka chifukwa cha kusowa kwa chip.

Komabe, Shi adati kuchepa kwadzayamba kuchepa m'gawo lachitatu ndipo zinthu zizikhala bwino m'gawo lachinayi.

Opanga Chipm ndi ogulitsa magalimoto akugwira kale ntchito usana ndi usiku kuti athetse vutoli, pomwe akuluakulu akuwongolera mgwirizano pakati pa makampani omwe ali mgululi kuti agwire bwino ntchito.

Unduna wa Zamakampani ndi Ukachenjede watekinoloje, woyang'anira wamkulu wamafuta mdziko muno, wapempha opanga magalimoto am'deralo ndi makampani a semiconductor kuti apange bulosha kuti igwirizane bwino ndi kapezedwe kake ndi kufunika kwa tchipisi todziyimira palokha.

Undunawu umalimbikitsanso makampani a inshuwaransi kuti atulutse ntchito za inshuwaransi zomwe zitha kulimbikitsa kulimba mtima kwa opanga makina akugwiritsa ntchito tchipisi tomwe tapangidwa ndi nzika zakomweko, kuti zithandizire kuchepetsa kusowa kwa chip. Lachisanu, makampani anayi opanga zida zaku China adasainirana mapangano ndi makampani atatu aku inshuwaransi kuyendetsa ntchito za inshuwaransi.

Kumayambiriro kwa mwezi uno wopanga zida zamagalimoto aku Germany Bosch adatsegula makina opangira $ 1.2 biliyoni ku Dresden, Germany, ponena kuti tchipisi take ta magalimoto tikuyembekezeka kutulutsa mu Seputembala chaka chino.

Ngakhale kugulitsa kudatsika mu Meyi, CAAM idati ikukhulupirira kuti msika ukugwira bwino ntchito chaka chonse chifukwa chakulimba kwachuma kwa China komanso kugulitsa kwamphamvu zamagalimoto zatsopano.

Shi adati bungwe likuganiza zokweza chiwerengerochi pakukula kwa malonda chaka chino kufika pa 6.5% kuchoka pa 4%, yomwe idapangidwa koyambirira kwa chaka.

"Kugulitsa kwamagalimoto chonse chaka chino mwina kukufika mayunitsi miliyoni 27, pomwe kugulitsa magalimoto atsopano kungakhudze mayunitsi 2 miliyoni, kuchokera kuyerekeza kwathu kwa 1.8 miliyoni," adatero Shi.

Ziwerengero zochokera kubungweli zikuwonetsa kuti magalimoto okwana 10.88 miliyoni adagulitsidwa ku China m'miyezi isanu yoyambirira, kukwera ndi 36% pachaka.

Kugulitsa magalimoto amagetsi ndi ziwombankhanga zomwe zidalowetsedwa zidafika pa mayunitsi 217,000 mu Meyi, mpaka 160% pachaka, zomwe zidabweretsa kuyambira Januware mpaka Meyi mpaka mayunitsi 950,000, kuwirikiza katatu chiwerengerochi chaka chapitacho.

China Passenger Car Association idakayikiranso za magwiridwe antchito azaka zonse ndipo idakulitsa zida zake zatsopano zamagalimoto zamagetsi mpaka mayunitsi 2.4 miliyoni chaka chino.

A Cui Dongshu, mlembi wamkulu wa CPCA, adati chidaliro chake chidadza chifukwa cha kutchuka kwa magalimoto mdzikolo komanso kuwonjezeka kwawo kotumizidwa kumisika yakunja.

Nio adati ifulumizitsa zoyesayesa mu Juni kuti abwezeretse kutayika komwe kunachitika mwezi watha. Kuyambitsa kumeneku kunanena kuti zipitilizabe kukwaniritsa magawo 21,000 mpaka mayunitsi 22,000 m'gawo lachiwiri la chaka chino. Mitundu yake ipezeka ku Norway mu Seputembara. Tesla adagulitsa magalimoto opangidwa ndi China okwana 33,463 mu Meyi, pomwe gawo limodzi mwa magawo atatu adatumizidwa kunja. Cui akuganiza kuti zomwe Tesla adatumiza kuchokera ku China zidzagunda mayunitsi 100,000 chaka chino.


Post nthawi: Jun-23-2021